Pour, sip, enjoy: The art of making perfect pour over coffee

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Unleash a symphony of flavors hidden within your favorite coffee beans through the art of making pour over coffee. Guide the flow of hot water through the freshly ground beans, extracting the rich, aromatic essence of the coffee.

A pour over coffee maker and a cup of coffee on a white table.
Photo credit: YayImages.

Gravity isn’t just a force; it’s a collaborator in crafting the perfect cup of coffee. The process turns a daily coffee into a moment of pure indulgence.

Even if you’ve never made pour over coffee, don’t worry — the process is simple and rewarding. With some practice, anyone can master the technique and enjoy the finest cups of coffee in the comfort of home, with no need to visit a specialty coffee shop.

What is pour over coffee?

Pour over coffee is a popular brewing method that involves manually pouring hot water over ground coffee. It gives you precise control over variables like water temperature, water flow and extraction time, which can significantly impact the flavor of the final beverage.

Equipment needed for pour over coffee

The equipment needed for this coffee brewing type is simple and inexpensive.

  • Pour over cone or dipper: There are many brands of pour over devices. They come in ceramic, glass or metal varieties.
  • Filter: Each pour over system has a coffee filter designed to work with it. The filters can be paper or metal.
  • Scale: A digital scale accurately measures the coffee and water to get the ratios just right. Many coffee enthusiasts recommend a 15-to-1 ratio of water to coffee.
  • Kettle: A kettle boils the water. A gooseneck kettle provides the best control over the water flow, but any kettle will work.
  • Coffee grinder: A good burr grinder is ideal for grinding the coffee beans. A burr grinder uses two revolving abrasive surfaces to achieve a consistent grind size for the beans. This ensures you get a precise grind.

“After smashing my coffee carafe into pieces by accident, I stumbled upon pour over coffee and haven’t looked back since. I love that a big coffee maker no longer takes up residence on my countertop and the coffee itself tastes better. It’s perfect for anyone who likes just a single cup.”

 — Gina Matsoukas, Running to the Kitchen
A man pouring water into a pour over coffee maker.
Photo credit: YayImages.

Step-by-step process for pour over coffee at home

Here are the simple steps for brewing pour over coffee.

  1. Place the pour over cone on top of the mug or coffee carafe. Make sure it sits flat against the sides.
  2. Weigh out the coffee beans. A good starting ratio is 15-to-1 of water to coffee beans. For a 12-ounce cup, this would be about 25 grams of beans.
  3. Grind the coffee beans to a medium-to-fine consistency, similar to the sea salt texture. Add the grounds to the filter, leveling them out.
  4. Heat the water to around 200 F. If you don’t have a thermometer, bring the water to a boil, then let it rest for 30 seconds.
  5. Slowly pour a small amount of water in a circular motion onto the coffee grounds, just enough to wet them. Then, wait 30 seconds for the bloom process, which allows the coffee grounds to release trapped carbon dioxide.
  6. Continue pouring the water slowly, aiming for a thin, steady stream. Pour evenly in a spiral motion from the center to the edges. Keep the water level consistent. Use a scale to measure the water poured, stopping when you reach the desired ratio.
  7. Allow all the water to filter through the grounds and into the mug. The entire process should take three to four minutes. Remove the pour over cone and enjoy a rich, balanced and flavorful coffee with your breakfast.
A person pouring coffee into a glass.
Photo credit: YayImages.

What makes pour over coffee unique?

Coffee lovers love pour over coffee for several reasons.

  • Control: It allows a lot of control over every aspect of the brewing process. You can adjust the grind size, water temperature, pouring technique and brew time to fine-tune the flavor precisely as you want it.
  • Consistency: With practice, this method yields a highly consistent cup of coffee.
  • Clarity of Flavor: Pour over coffee produces a clean, vibrant cup of coffee that highlights the subtle flavor notes of the coffee.
  • Customization: Since you control so many variables, you can customize your coffee exactly how you like it. Whether you prefer a stronger, more robust cup or something lighter and more nuanced, you can achieve it with the pour over method.
  • No Need for Electricity: A pour over setup doesn’t necessarily require any electric appliances since you can heat the water on a stove or a campfire. So it’s a method that can be used anywhere, from your kitchen to a campsite.
  • Freshness: Usually, pour over coffee is made to order, one cup at a time, ensuring that every cup is fresh.

Simple and inexpensive coffee making

Making pour over coffee is a simple process. No expensive or complicated machinery is required. The cost of a pour over setup is quite budget-friendly, making it an attractive option for many coffee lovers.

“Pour over coffee is my go-to prep method for a single cup of fresh coffee. I think it makes a stronger fresh coffee smell than using a French press. I love the smell so much that pour over is an extra special treat.”

— Jessica Haggard, Easy Homemade Life
A woman is pouring coffee on a wooden table outside.
Photo credit: YayImages.

Enjoyable and relaxing

Many people enjoy not just the taste of pour over coffee but also the process of making it. Pouring the water, watching the coffee bloom and seeing the slow drip can be a calming, almost meditative experience.

This mindful process can encourage you to slow down, take a break from daily life and appreciate the art of brewing a perfect cup of coffee. Pour over coffee appeals to those who enjoy both the process and the result. It provides a rich, complex cup of coffee that reflects the care and attention put into making it.


Pour over coffee has several unique qualities that set it apart from other brewing methods. It offers you complete control over the brewing process. This control results in a clean, complex and flavorful cup of coffee with increased clarity and aroma.

The process may seem intimidating initially, but you’ll quickly get the hang of it with practice. Pour over coffee provides an incredible coffee experience tailored to your tastes. Plus, it’s a fun and satisfying skill to master.

Anne Jolly is the creator of the food blog Upstate Ramblings. She loves to cook with gadgets like an air fryer, sous vide or pressure cooker. In her free time, she enjoys hiking, reading, knitting and spending time with her three kids.

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